2021年11月24日

Japan's Economic Outlook for Fiscal 2021 to 2023

経済研究部 経済調査部長   斎藤 太郎

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■Summary
 
<Real GDP growth rate: 2.6% in FY 2021, 2.5% in FY 2022, 1.7% in FY 2023>
 
  1. In the July–September quarter of 2021, real GDP posted an annualized contraction of 3.0%, the first negative growth in two quarters, as private consumption, housing investment, and capital investment all declined sharply due to the state of emergency and supply constraints.
     
  2. In the October–December quarter of 2021, real GDP is forecast to post annual growth of 7.3%, mainly due to strong growth in private consumption following the lifting of the state of emergency. However, there are many risk factors, including prolonged supply constraints such as a shortage of semiconductors, deteriorating corporate profits due to worsening terms of trade, a decline in the real purchasing power of households, and tighter activity restrictions due to the spread of the coronavirus.
     
  3. The real GDP growth rate is expected to be 2.6% in FY 2021, 2.5% in FY 2022 and 1.7% in FY 2023. Although the state of emergency has been lifted, the pace of recovery in consumption will be slow after the rapid decline in the coronavirus crisis, partly because of continued fears about infectious diseases.
     
  4. Real GDP is expected to surpass its pre-coronavirus level (October–December quarter of 2019) in the April–June quarter of 2022 and return to its most recent peak before the consumption tax rate hike ( July–September quarter of 2019) in the April–June quarter of 2023.
Changes in real GDP growth rate (fiscal year)
■Index

1. In the July–September period of 2021, real GDP decreased by an annualized rate of
 3.0% from the previous period
  ・Increasing outflow of income overseas due to deterioration in terms of trade
2. Real GDP growth rate is expected to be 2.6% in FY 2021, 2.5% in FY 2022 and 1.7%
 in FY 2023
  ・Service consumption will pick up after the state of emergency's cancellation
  ・High levels of savings, cash and deposits can significantly boost consumption
  ・Real GDP will surpass its most recent peak in FY 2023
  ・Price Outlook
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経済研究部   経済調査部長

斎藤 太郎 (さいとう たろう)

研究・専門分野
日本経済、雇用

アクセスランキング

レポート紹介

【Japan's Economic Outlook for Fiscal 2021 to 2023】【シンクタンク】ニッセイ基礎研究所は、保険・年金・社会保障、経済・金融・不動産、暮らし・高齢社会、経営・ビジネスなどの各専門領域の研究員を抱え、様々な情報提供を行っています。

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