More artists are providing creative education in schools across Japan. Their origin can be attributed to arts outreach programs serving schools and welfare facilities. Meanwhile, other countries have taken the lead with arts in education (AIE) programs coordinated and funded by government agencies. These programs focus on the role that the arts can play in creative education and the impact on children. In Japan, while local arts NPOs have launched initiatives, the significance of AIE and creative education is not yet fully understood. Progress in this area is important particularly for the development of human resources necessary to sustain Japan’s economy and industry.